|Saint Ladislaus, 15th Century King of Poland|
|Our Lady of Czestochowa closeup |
showing scars from vandals
leaving two deep scars.
convulsions and died.
|Siege of Czestochowa in 1655|
|King Jan Kasimir|
|Siege of Czestochowa in 1655 |
Oil painting 17the Century
King Kasimir solemnly proclaimed
|War on Warsaw|
In Polish history, this is known as the Miracle of Vistula.
|Nazi occupation of Poland|